Different Types of Scientists & What They Do

  • Agricultural Scientists: These scientist study commercial plants, animals and cultivation techniques that helps increase the productivity and sustainability of farm yields.
  • Archaeologists: Archaeologists are scientists who study existing and ancient human cultures and their lifestyle.
  • Astronomers: They are scientists who study studies stars, planets and galaxies.
  • Astrophysicists: They are scientists that discover, explain and develop theories and hypotheses on the working of universe using mathematical and physical theories.
  • Astrobiologists: They are scientists who investigate the possibility of life on other planets and find out different biospheres are different from Earth and can sustain life.
  • Biophysicists: These scientist study the interactions between the various systems of a cell, DNA, RNA and protein biosynthesis and their interactions using physical science to study biological systems.
  • Biotechnologist: A biotechnologist tends to use of cellular and biomolecular processes make new products or solve problems like cure for cancer, find new medications, gene therapy, genetic testing, etc.
  • Botanists: They are scientists who study the plant kingdom, classification of plants and plant habitats.
  • Ecologists: Scientists who study the relationship between living organisms and their ecosystem or environment.
  • Entomologists: Scientists who study insects are called entomologists.
  • Evolutionary Biologists: Evolutionary biologists are scientists who study the origin of species from a common descent, their evolutionary change, multiplication and diversity with time.
  • Geneticists: Scientists who study genes, hereditary and the variation in organisms due to genes.
  • Herpetologists: Scientists who study amphibians and reptiles.
  • Immunologists: Scientists who study the immune system of all living organisms.
  • Ichthyologists: Those scientists who study fish are called ichthyologists.
  • Lepidopterists: People who are experts in the study of moths, butterflies, skipper butterflies, and moth-butterflies.
  • Marine Biologists: They are scientists who study organisms that live in the ocean and other marine water bodies.
  • Microbiologists: Those scientists who study bacteria, virus, fungi and protists are called microbiologists.
  • Mycologists: Scientist who study the genetic and biochemical properties, taxonomical classification and the uses of fungi.
  • Neuroscientists: Scientists who study the function of the nervous system.
  • Ornithologists: Scientist who study the birds.
  • Paleontologists: Scientist who study prehistoric life and fossils.
  • Pathologists: Experts who study cause, effect and development of diseases and illnesses in the human body are called pathologists.
  • Pharmacologists: Scientist who study interactions between a living organism and medicines or chemicals affecting the normal or abnormal biochemical function of a cell.
  • Physiologists: Those scientists who study function of living systems.
  • Zoologists: These scientists study the animal kingdom, classification of animals, animal habits and habitat.
  • Analytical Chemists: Scientists who apply physical laws and concepts to study the macroscopic, atomic, subatomic, and particulate phenomena in a chemical system.
  • Biochemists: Those who study the chemical reactions taking place in the biological system or living cell.
  • Inorganic Chemists: Scientist who study the properties and behavior of inorganic compounds.
  • Organic Chemists: Scientist who study the properties and behavior of organic compounds.
  • Physical Chemist: Scientists who apply physical laws and concepts to study the macroscopic, atomic, subatomic, and particulate phenomena in a chemical system.
  • Cognitive Scientists: They are experts who study representation and perception of language, reasoning and emotions in humans and other animal or even a machine.
  • Geologists: Those scientists who study the Earth processes are called geologists.
  • Glaciologists: Scientist who study natural glaciers, ice and the phenomenon associated with ice.
  • Hydrologists: Those who study movement, distribution, and quality of water throughout the planet.
  • Limnologists: Experts who study the inland waters are called Limnologists.
  • Meteorologists: Scientist who study meteors are called meteorologists.
  • Mineralogists: Those who study the chemical, physical and crystalline structure of minerals.
  • Oceanographers: Experts who study the oceans, related marine life and ecosystems.
  • Seismologists: Scientist who study earthquakes are called seismologists.
  • Volcanologists: Scientists who study lava, volcanoes and other related geological processes.
  • Mathematicians: Those geniuses who study the field of mathematics are called mathematicians.
  • Statisticians: They are experts who study theoretical statistics or applied statistics.
  • Computer Scientists: Scientist who are experts with the theoretical processes, computational systems and their applications.
  • Medical Scientists: Scientists who carry out clinical trials to find out revolutionary solutions in the field of medicine.
  • Physicists: Scientist who studies and understands the laws of physics.
  • Anthropologists: Experts who study about humanity and the way humans behave.
  • Ethnologists: They are experts who study the origins, distribution, religion, language, and social structure of the ethnic groups and racial communities.
  • Geographers: Those who study the geography of Earth, human habitat and physical environment of the planet are called geographers.

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